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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 29(1); 2011 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2011;29(1): 28-35. doi: https://doi.org/10.3857/jkstro.2011.29.1.28
Treatment Results of CyberKnife Radiosurgery for Patients with Primary or Recurrent Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Woochul Kim, Hun Jung Kim, Jeong Hoon Park, Hyun Do Huh, Sang Huoun Choi
Department of Radiation Oncology, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea. cancer@inha.ac.kr
Recently, the use of radiosurgery as a local therapy in patients with early stage non-small cell lung cancer has become favored over surgical resection. To evaluate the efficacy of radiosurgery, we analyzed the results of stereotactic body radiosurgery in patients with primary or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer.
We reviewed medical records retrospectively of total 24 patients (28 lesions) with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received stereotactic body radiosurgery (SBRT) at Inha University Hospital. Among the 24 patients, 19 had primary NSCLC and five exhibited recurrent disease, with three at previously treated areas. Four patients with primary NSCLC received SBRT after conventional radiation therapy as a boost treatment. The initial stages were IA in 7, IB in 3, IIA in 2, IIB in 2, IIIA in 3, IIIB in 1, and IV in 6. The T stages at SBRT were T1 lesion in 13, T2 lesion in 12, and T3 lesion in 3. 6MV X-ray treatment was used for SBRT, and the prescribed dose was 15~60 Gy (median: 50 Gy) for PTV1 in 3~5 fractions. Median follow up time was 469 days.
The median GTV was 22.9 mL (range, 0.7 to 108.7 mL) and median PTV1 was 65.4 mL (range, 5.3 to 184.8 mL). The response rate at 3 months was complete response (CR) in 14 lesions, partial response (PR) in 11 lesions, and stable disease (SD) in 3 lesions, whereas the response rate at the time of the last follow up was CR in 13 lesions, PR in 9 lesions, SD in 2 lesions, and progressive disease (PD) in 4 lesions. Of the 10 patients in stage I, one patient died due to pneumonia, and local failure was identified in one patient. Of the 10 patients in stages III-IV, three patients died, local and loco-regional failure was identified in one patient, and regional failure in 2 patients. Total local control rate was 85.8% (4/28). Local recurrence was recorded in three out of the eight lesions that received below biologically equivalent dose 100 Gy10. Among 20 lesions that received above 100 Gy10, only one lesion failed locally. There was a higher recurrence rate in patients with centrally located tumors and T2 or above staged tumors.
SBRT using a CyberKnife was proven to be an effective treatment modality for early stage patients with NSCLC based on high local control rate without severe complications. SBRT above total 100 Gy10 for peripheral T1 stage patients with NSCLC is recommended.
Key Words: Non-small cell lung cancer, Radiosurgery, CyberKnife
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