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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 26(3); 2008 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2008;26(3): 135-141. doi: https://doi.org/10.3857/jkstro.2008.26.3.135
Postoperative External Beam Radiotherapy for Retroperitoneal Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Na Young Jang, Il Han Kim, Jin Hwa Choi, Charn Il Park
1Department of Radiation Oncology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ihkim@snu.ac.kr
2Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
To evaluate the clinical outcomes and prognostic factors in retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcomas treated by postoperative radiotherapy.
The records of 23 patients with retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcomas, who underwent postoperative radiotherapy between 1985 and 2003, were analyzed. The median follow-up period was 77 months (range, 8~240 months). A total of 21 patients presented with primary disease, and two patients presented with recurrent disease. Liposarcomas and leiomyosarcomas represented 78% of the diagnosed tumor cases. Moreover, 17 cases were of high grade (grade 2 or 3). The median tumor size was 13 cm (range, 3~50 cm). Complete excision was achieved in 65% of patients. The median radiation dose was 50.4 Gy (range, 45.0 to 59.4 Gy), with conventional fractionation.
The 5-year overall, local recurrence-free, and distant metastasis-free survival rates were 68%, 58%, and 71%, respectively. Eleven patients experienced local recurrence, while 9 patients experienced distant metastasis. The most common site for distant metastasis was the liver. A univariate analysis revealed that adjacent organ invasion and age (> 60 years) as the significant risk factors contributing to the prediction of poor overall survival. Moreover, multivariate analyses indicated that adjacent organ invasion remained significantly associated with a higher risk of death. In addition, patient age (> 60 years) was the other identified risk factor for local recurrence by univariate and multivariate analyses. Except for one case of grade 3 diarrhea, no patient suffered grade 3 or higher complications.
Our results were comparable to previous reports in that adjacent organ invasion and patient age (> 60 years) were significant predictors of poor survival and tumor recurrence, respectively.
Key Words: Retroperitoneal, Soft tissue sarcoma, Radiotherapy
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