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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 26(2); 2008 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2008;26(2): 118-125. doi: https://doi.org/10.3857/JKSTRO.2008.26.2.118
A Study on the Availability of the On-Board Imager (OBI) and Cone-Beam CT (CBCT) in the Verification of Patient Set-up
Jino Bak, Sung Ho Park, Suk Won Park
1Department of Radiation Oncology, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Korea. oncodoc@paran.com
2Department of Radiation Oncology, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea.
On-line image guided radiation therapy (on-line IGRT) and (kV X-ray images or cone beam CT images) were obtained by an on-board imager (OBI) and cone beam CT (CBCT), respectively. The images were then compared with simulated images to evaluate the patient's setup and correct for deviations. The setup deviations between the simulated images (kV or CBCT images), were computed from 2D/2D match or 3D/3D match programs, respectively. We then investigated the correctness of the calculated deviations.
After the simulation and treatment planning for the RANDO phantom, the phantom was positioned on the treatment table. The phantom setup process was performed with side wall lasers which standardized treatment setup of the phantom with the simulated images, after the establishment of tolerance limits for laser line thickness. After a known translation or rotation angle was applied to the phantom, the kV X-ray images and CBCT images were obtained. Next, 2D/2D match and 3D/3D match with simulation CT images were taken. Lastly, the results were analyzed for accuracy of positional correction.
In the case of the 2D/2D match using kV X-ray and simulation images, a setup correction within 0.06degrees for rotation only, 1.8 mm for translation only, and 2.1 mm and 0.3degrees for both rotation and translation, respectively, was possible. As for the 3D/3D match using CBCT images, a correction within 0.03degrees for rotation only, 0.16 mm for translation only, and 1.5 mm for translation and 0.0degrees for rotation, respectively, was possible.
The use of OBI or CBCT for the on-line IGRT provides the ability to exactly reproduce the simulated images in the setup of a patient in the treatment room. The fast detection and correction of a patient's positional error is possible in two dimensions via kV X-ray images from OBI and in three dimensions via CBCT with a higher accuracy. Consequently, the on-line IGRT represents a promising and reliable treatment procedure.
Key Words: OBI System (On-Board Imager System), Cone Beam CT (CBCT), IGRT
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