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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 23(4); 2005 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2005;23(4): 217-222.
Study of Respiration Simulating Phantom using Thermocouple-based Respiration Monitoring Mask
Sangwook Lim, Seung Do Ahn, Sung Ho Park, Byong Yong Yi, Sang Hoon Lee, Sam Ju Cho, Hyun Do Huh, Seong Soo Shin, Jong Hoon Kim, Sang wook Lee, Soo Il Kwon, Eun Kyung Choi
1Department of Radiation Oncology, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea. sdahn@amc.seoul.kr
2Department of Medical Physics, Kyonggi University, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Maryland, USA.
To develop the respiration simulating phantom with thermocouple for evaluating 4D radiotherapy such as gated radiotherapy, breathing control radiotherapy and dynamic tumor tracking radiotherapy.
The respiration monitoring mask (ReMM) with thermocouple was developed to monitor the patient's irregular respiration. The signal from ReMM controls the simulating phantom as organ motion of patients in real-time. The organ and the phantom motion were compared with its respiratory curves to evaluate the simulating phantom. ReMM was used to measure patients' respiration, and the movement of simulating phantom was measured by using RPM(R). The fluoroscope was used to monitor the patient's diaphragm motion.
Comparing with the curves of respiration measured by thermocouple and those of the organ motion measured by fluoroscope and RPM, the standard deviations between the curves were 9.68% and 8.53% relative to the organ motion, respectively. The standard deviation of discrepancy between the respiratory curve and the organ motion was 8.52% of motion range.
Patients felt comfortable with ReMM. The relationship between the signal from ReMM and the organ motion shows strong correlation. The phantom simulates the organ motion in real-time according to the respiratory signal from the ReMM. It is expected that the simulating phantom with ReMM could be used to verify the 4D radiotherapy.
Key Words: Respiration monitoring mask (ReMM), 4D radiotherapy, Respiration simulating phantom
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