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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 23(4); 2005 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2005;23(4): 201-210.
Medical-and-Psychosocial Factors Influencing on the Quality of Life in Patients with Cervix Cancer
Mi Son Chun, Eun Hyun Lee, Seong Mi Moon, Seung Hee Kang, Hee Sug Ryu
1Department of Radiation Oncology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea. chunm@ajou.ac.kr
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
3Graduate School of Public Health, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea.
4Department of Radioation Oncology, Ajou University Hospital, Suwon, Korea.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
Quality of life in patients with cancer may be influenced by various kinds of variables, such as personal, environmental, and medical factors. The purpose of this study was to identity the influencing factors on the quality of life in patients with cancer.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
One hundred and forty seven patients, who were taking medical therapy or following up after surgery for cervix cancer, participated in the present study. Quality of life, medical variables (cancer stage, types of treatment, follow-up status, and symptom distress), and psychosocial variables (mood disturbance, orientation to life, and social support) were measured. The obtained data were computed using multiple regression analyses.
RESULTS:
The medical-and-psychosocial variables explained 63.3% of the total variance in the quality of life (R2=0.633, F=16.969, p=.000). Cancer stage, symptom distress, mood disturbance, social support (family), and optimistic orientation to life were significant factors influencing on the quality of life in patients with cervix cancer.
CONCLUSION:
An integrative care program which includes medical - and - psychosocial characteristics of patients is essential to improve quality of life in patients with cervix cancer.
Key Words: Cervix cancer, Quality of life, Social support
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