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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 22(4); 2004 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2004;22(4): 265-270.
Role of Postoperative Radiation Therapy in the Management of Cervical Cancer
Ha Chung Chun, Myung Za Lee
Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Hanyang University Medical College, Seoul, Korea. rthcchun@hanyang.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
To evaluate the effectiveness of postoperative radiation therapy in cervical cancer patients and define the prognostic factors to affect survival rates.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Eighty one patients with cervical cancer who were treated with postoperative radiation therapy following surgery at our institution between May 1992 and April 2000 were retrospectively analyzed. Forty two patients had stage IB disease, 17 had stage IIA disease, and remaining 22 had stage IIB disease, respectively. Histological examination revealed 76 squamous cell carcinoma and 5 adenocarcinoma. Sixty one patients were noted to have stromal invasion greater than 8 mm and 20 patients were noted to have stromal invasion 7 mm or less. Sixteen patients had parametrial invasion and 65 patients did not. Positive vaginal resection margin was documented in only eight patients and positive lymphovascular invasion was in twelve patients. All of the patients were treated with external beam radiation therapy alone. Majority of the patients were treated with 4 field brick technique to encompass whole pelvis. Total of 5,500 cGy was delivered to the primary surgical tumor bed. Minimum follow up period was four years.
RESULTS:
Actuarial disease free survival rates for entire group of the patients were 95% and 89% at 2 and 5 years, respectively. Five year disease free survival rates for patients with stage IB, IIA, and IIB disease were 97%, 87% and 70%, respectively. Local recurrences were documented in 5 patients. Cumulative local failure rate at 3 years was 6%. Five year disease free survival rates for patients with stromal invasion greater than 8 mm and 7 mm or less were 88% and 92%, respectively (p>0.05). Five year disease free survival rate for patients with parametrial invasion was significantly lower than those with no invasion (72% vs 92%, p<0.05). Also there was significantly lower survival in patients with positive vaginal resection margin, compared with patients with negative resection margin (64% vs 94%, p<0.05). However, lymphovascular invasion was not a statistically significant prognostic factor. Parametrial invasion and positive surgical resection margins were noted to be significant prognostic factors.
Conclusions:
Postoperative radiation therapy appears to be beneficial in controlling local disease in cervical cancer patients with high pathologic risk factors. Parametrial invasion and positive resection margins were noted to be significant prognostic factors to affect survival and more effective treatment should be investigated in these patients.
Key Words: Cervical cancer, Postoperative radiation therapy
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