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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 20(2); 2002 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2002;20(2): 172-178.
Film Dosimetry for Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy: Dosimetric Evaluation
Sang Gyu Ju, In Hwan Yeo, Seung Jae Huh, Byung Ki Choi, Young Hwan Park, Yong Chan Ahn, Dae Yong Kim, Young Kun Kong
1Deptartment of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Suwon, Korea.
2Deptartment of Medical Physics, Graduate School Kyonggi University, Suwon, Korea.
X-ray film over responds to low-energy photons in relative photon beam dosimetry because its sensor is based on silver bromide crystals, which are high-Z molecules. This over-response becomes a significant problem in clinical photon beam dosimetry particularly in regions outside the penumbra. In intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), the radiation field is characterized by multiple small fields and their outside-penumbra regions. Therefore, in order to use film dosimetry for IMRT, the nature the source of the over-response in its radiation field need to be known. This study is aimed to verify and possibly improve film dosimetry for IMRT.
Modulated beams were constructed by a combination of five or seven different static radiation fields using 6 MeV X-rays. In order to verify film dosimetry, we used X-ray film and an ion chamber were used to measure the dose profiles at various depths in a phantom. In addition, in order to reduce the over-response, 0.01 inch thick lead filters were placed on both sides of the film.
The measured dose profiles showed a film over-response at the outside-penumbra and low dose regions. The error increased with depths and approached 15% at a maximum for the field size of 15X15 cm(2) at 10 cm depth. The use of filters reduced the error to 3%, but caused an under-response of the dose in a perpendicular set-up.
This study demonstrated that film dosimetry for IMRT involves sources of error due to its over-response to low-energy photons. The use of filers can enhance the accuracy in film dosimetry for IMRT. In this regard, the use of optimal filter conditions is recommended.
Key Words: Film dosimetry, Penumbra effect, Lead filter, IMRT
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