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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 19(1); 2001 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2001;19(1): 74-80.
Fabrication of Backscatter Electron Cones for Radiation Therapy
Sung Sil Chu, Chang Ok Suh, Gwi Eon Kim
Department of radiation oncology, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
Irradiation cones by using backscatter electrons are made for the treatment of superficial small lesions of skin, oral cavity, and rectum where a significant dose gradient and maximum surface dose is desired. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Backscatter electrons are produced from the primary electron beams from the linear accelerators. The design consists of a cylindrical cone that has a thick circular plate of high atomic number medium (Pb or Cu) attached to the distal end, and the plate can be adjusted the reflected angle. Primary electrons strike the metal plate perpendicularly and produce backscatter electrons that reflect through the lateral hole for treatment. Using film and a parallel plate ion chamber, backscatter electron dose characteristics are measured.
The depth dose characteristic of the backscatter electron is very similar to that of the hard x-ray beam that is commonly used for the intracavitary and superficial lesions. The basckscatter electron energy is nearly constant and effectively about 1.5 MeV from the clinical megavoltage beams. The backscatter electron dose rate of 35~85 cGy/min could be achieved from modern accelerators without any modification. and the depth in water of 50% depth dose from backscatter electron located at 6mm for 45degrees angled lead scatter. The beam flatness is dependent on the slit size and the depth of treatment, but is satisfactory to treat small lesions.
The measured data for backscatter electron energy, depth dose flatness dose rate and absolute dose indicates that the backscatter electrons are suitable for clinical use.
Key Words: Backscatter electron, Intracavitary cone
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