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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 18(4); 2000 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2000;18(4): 244-250.
Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy in Locally Advanced Hypopharyngeal Cancer
Suzy Kim, Hong Gyun Wu, Dae Seog Heo, Charn Il Park
1Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine.
2Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine.
3Institute of Radiation Medicine, Medical Research Center, Seoul National University Seoul, Korea.
To see the relationship between the response to chemotherapy and the final outcome of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced hypopharyngeal cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective analysis was done for thirty-two patients with locally advanced hypopharyngeal cancer treated in the Seoul National University Hospital with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy from August 1979 to July 1997. The patients were treated with Co-60 teletherapy unit or 4MV or 6MV photon beam produced by linear accelerator. Daily fractionation was 1.75 to 2 Gy, delivered five times a week. Total dose ranged from 60.8 Gy to 73.8 Gy. Twenty-nine patients received continuous infusion of cisplatin and 5-FU. Other patients were treated with cisplatin combined with bleomycin or vinblastin. Twenty-four (75%) patients received all three prescribed cycles of chemotherapy delivered three weeks apart. Six patients received two cycles, and two patients received only one cycle.
The overall 2-year and 5-year survival rates are 65.6% and 43.0%, respectively. 5-year local control rate is 34%. Organ preservation for more than five years is achieved in 12 patients (38%). After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 24 patients achieved more than partial remission (PR); the response rate was 75% (24/32). Five patients had complete remission (CR), 19 patients PR, and 8 patients no response (NR). Among the 19 patients who had PR to chemotherapy, 8 patients achieved CR after radiotherapy. Among the 8 non-responders to chemotherapy, 2 patients achieved CR, and 6 patients achieved PR after radiotherapy. There was no non-responder after radiotherapy. The overall survival rates were 60% for CR to chemotherapy group, 35.1% for PR to chemotherapy group, and 50% for NR to chemotherapy group, respectively ( p=0.93). There were significant difference in five-year overall survival rates between the patients with CR and PR after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy (73.3% vs. 14.7%, p< 0.01). The prognostic factor affecting overall survival was the response to overall treatment (CR vs. PR, p<0.01).
In this study, there were only five patients who achieved CR after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Therefore the difference of overall survival rates between CR and PR to chemotherapy group was not statistically significant. Only the response to chemo-radiotherapy was the most important prognostic factor. There needs to be more effort to improve CR rate of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and consideration for future use of concurrent chemoradiotherapy.
Key Words: Hypopharyngeal cancer, Radiation therapy, Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
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