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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 18(3); 2000 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2000;18(3): 200-204.
Cytotoxic Effect of X-irradiation of Mouse Tumor Cells in the Presence of Korean Ginseng Extract
Hyoung Cheol Kwon, Jin Ki Kim, Jung Soo Kim, Dong Seong Choi
1Department of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology, Institute for Medical Sciences, Medical School, Chonbuk National University, Korea.
2Division of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Woo Suck University, Korea.
We already reported the results that aqueous extract of Korean ginseng roots showed a marked cytotoxicity. In this study, we investigated whether combined ginseng product with X-irradiation increase the cytotoxicity of tumor cells than X-irradiation or not.
Fifty gram of Korean ginseng powder mixed with 1 L of distilled water was extracted with reflux flask under condition of 100 degrees C for 5 hrs. This aquaous ginseng extract was filtered, centrifuged and then was freezed under condition of -90degrees C for 16-18 hrs. The freezing extract was dried with freeze drier, and then diluted. X-irradiation was given to tumor cells by 6 MeV linear accelerator. The cytotoxicity of ginseng in vitro was evaluated from its ability to reduce the clonogenecity of fibrosarcoma (FSa II) cells. In X-irradiation alone group, each 2, 4, 6 and 8 Gy was given to tumor cells. In X-irradiation with ginseng group, 0.2 mg/mL of ginseng extract was exposed to tumor cells for 1 hour before X-irradiation.
The yield for 50 g of ginseng extract which was treated with freezing drier was 3.13 g (6.3%). Cytotoxicity in vitro was measured as survival fraction which was judged from the curve, at ginseng concentration of 0.001, 0.01, 0.1 and 1 mg/mL were 0.89+/-0.04, 0.86+/-0.06, 0.73+/-0.01 and 0.09+/-0.02, respectively. Survival fraction at X-irradiation alone of 2, 4, 6 and 8 Gy were 0.81+/-0.07, 0.42+/-0.08, 0.15+/-0.02, 0.03+/-0.01, respectively. But, survival fraction in combined group of X-irradiation and ginseng (0.2mg/mL) at each same radiation dose were 0.28+/-0.01, 0.18+/-0.03, 0.08+/-0.02, 0.006+/-0.002, respectively ( p<0.05).
The yield for ginseng extract which was treated with freezing drier was 6.3%. Cytotoxicity of Fsa II in combined ginseng with X-irradiation group was increased than that of X-irradition alone group, and its enhancing effect seemed to be added.
Key Words: Korean ginseng, X-irradiation, Cytotoxicity, Combined effect
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