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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 18(2); 2000 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2000;18(2): 157-166.
The Analysis of Radiation Exposure of Hospital Radiation Workers
Tae Sik Jeong, Byung Chul Shin, Chang Woo Moon, Yeong Duk Cho, Yong Hwan Lee, Ha Yong Yum
1Department of Radiation Oncology, Kosin Medical College and Medical Center, Pusan, Korea.
2Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Kosin Medical College and Medical Center, Pusan, Korea.
3Department of Preventive Medicine, Kosin Medical College and Medical Center, Pusan, Korea.
This investigation was performed in order to improve the health care of radiation workers, to predict a risk, to minimize the radiation exposure hazard to them and for them to realize radiation exposure danger when they work in radiation area in hospital. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The documentations checked regularly for personal radiation exposure in four university hospitals in Pusan city in Korea between January 1, 1993 and December 31, 1997 were analyzed. There were 458 persons in this documented but 111 persons who worked less then one year were excluded and only 347 persons were included in this study.
The average of yearly radiation exposure of 347 persons was 1.52+/-1.35 mSv. Though it was less than 50mSv, the limitaion of radiation in law but 125 (36%) people received higher radiation exposure than non-radiation workers. Radiation workers under 30 year old have received radiation exposure of mean 1.87+/-1.01 mSv/year, mean 1.22+/-0.69 mSv between 31 and 40 year old and mean 0.97+/-0.43 mSv/year over 41year old ( p<0.001). Men received mean 1.67+/-1.54 mSv/year were higher than women who received mean 1.13+/-0.61 mSv/year ( p<0.01). Radiation exposure in the department of nuclear medicine department in spite of low energy sources is higher than other departments that use radiations in hospital ( p<0.05). And the workers who received mean 3.69+/-1.81 mSv/year in parts of management of radiation sources and injection of sources to patient receive high radiation exposure in nuclear medicine department ( p<0.01). In department of diagnostic radiology high radiation exposure is in barium enema rooms where workers received mean 3.74+/-1.74 mSv/year and other parts where they all use fluoroscopy such as angiography room of mean 1.17+/-0.35 mSv/year and upper gastrointestinal room of mean 1.74+/-1.34 mSv/year represented higher radiation exposure than average radiation exposure in diagnostic radiology ( p<0.01). Doctors and radiation technologists received higher radiation exposure of each mean 1.75+/-1.17 mSv/year and mean 1.60+/-1.39 mSv/year than other people who work in radiation area in hospital ( p<0.05). Especially young doctors and technologists have the high opportunity to receive higher radiation exposure.
The training and education of radiation workers for radiation exposure risks are important and it is necessary to rotate worker in short period in high risk area. The hospital management has to concern health of radiation workers more and to put an effort to reduce radiation exposure as low as possible in radiation areas in hospital.
Key Words: Radiation exposure, Radiation worker in hospital
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