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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 17(3); 1999 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 1999;17(3): 209-216.
The Palliative Radiation Therapy in Malignant Extra-Hepatic Biliary Obstruction
Chul Seung Kay, Hong Suk Jang, Sung Hwan Kim, Mi Ryeong Ryu, Yeon Shil Kim, Su Mi Chung, Sei Chul Yoon
1Department of Therapeutic Radiology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Korea.
2Catholic Cancer Center, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Korea.
To evaluate the effectiveness of external radiation therapy and the prognostic factors, we retrospectively analyzed therapeutic results of malignant extrahepatic biliary obstruction (EHBO). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We analyzed the results of the external radiation therapy in 59 patients of inoperable malignant EHBO who had been treated with more than 10 Gy of external radiation therapy from April 1984 to December 1996. There were 21 stomach cancer (35.6%), 12 pancreas cancer (20.3%), 15 extrahepatic biliary cancer (18.6%) and 11 another cancer (18.6%). Their pathologies were confirmed in 31 patients (52.5%). They divided into 27 adenocarcinoma and 4 nonadenocarcinoma. Their chief complaints were jaundice in 47 patients (79.7%) and abdominal pain in 15 patients (49.2%). Twelve patients had slightly increased bilirubin level in liver function test without jaundice. We treated twenty four patients (40.6%) with percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) and 32 patients (54%) with systemic chemotherapy (CT). We performed external radiation therapy (ERT) upto 10.8~55.8 Gy (median 37.8 Gy) with palliative aim.
Overall median survival duration was 7.80+/-1.15 months. The response rates of jaundice were 81.8% in PTBD group and 66.7% in non-PTBD group without statistical significance. The improving rate of jaundice was not significantly different in decreased ratio of total bilirubin level. But abdominal pain was more decreased in CT group than non-CT group (P<0.05). The significant prognostic factors were high performance status (Karnofski Performance Status >70), total radiation dose more than 35 Gy and good response of pain after therapy. There were increased in bacterial cholagitis in PTBD group and gastrointestinal complications in CT group.
External radiotheapy could improve jaundice and abdominal pain in malignant EHBO patients. Overall survival duration was prolonged in patients with higher performance status and patients who had been treated with more than 35 Gy of total radiation dose. In the future, we expect not only better palliative role but also the prolongation of survival of using the ERT combined with other treatment method. But to achieve certain conclusion, we need futher study consisted with many kinds of treatment methods including new technologies in RT.
Key Words: Extra hepatic biliary obstruction, Radiotherapy
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