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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 17(2); 1999 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 1999;17(2): 158-165.
Colony Size Distributions according to in vitro Aging in Human Skin Fibroblasts
Jun Sang Kim, Jae Sung Kim, Moon June Cho, Jeong Kyu Park, Tae Hyun Paik
1Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Chungnam National University Medical College, Taejon, Korea.
2Department of Microbiology, Chungnam National University Medical College, Taejon, Korea.
3Department of Microbiology, Konyang University Medical College, Nonsan, Korea.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
To investigate the percentage of colonies with 16 or more cells distribution of human skin fibroblast according to in vitro aging, and to evaluate the relationship between percentage of colonies with 16 or more cells and in vivo donor age in human skin fibroblast culture. MATERIAL AND METHOD: C1, C2, C3a, and C3b human skin fibroblast samples from three breast cancer patients were used as subjects. The C1, C2, and C3a donor were 44, 54, and 55 years old, respectively. C3a and C3b cells were isolated from the same person. Single cell suspension of skin fibroblasts was prepared with primary explant technique. One hundred cells are plated into 100ml tissue culture flask and cultured for two weeks. The colony size was defined as colonies with 16 or more cells. The cultured cell was stained with crystal violet, and number of cells in each colony was determined with stereo microscope at x10 magnification. Passage number of C1, C2, C3a and C3b skin fibroblast were 12th, 17th, and 14th, respectively.
RESULTS:
Percentage of colonies with 16 or more cells of skin fibroblast samples decreased with increasing in vitro passage number. In contrast, cumulative population doublings of skin fibroblast sample increased with increasing in vitro passage number. Percentage of colonies with 16 or more cells also decreased with increasing population doublings in human skin fibroblast culture. There was strong correlation with percentage of colonies with 16 or more cells and population doublings in C3a skin fibroblast sample. At the same point of population doublings, the percentage of colonies with 16 or more cells of the young C1 donor was higher level than the old C3a donor.
CONCLUSION:
The population doublings increased with increasing in vitro passage number but percentage of colonies with 16 or more cells decreased. The results of this study imply that percentage of colonies with 16 or more cells is useful as a indicator of in vitro human skin fibroblast aging and may estimate the in vivo donor age.
Key Words: Human skin fibroblast, In vitro aging, Colony size
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