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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 16(4); 1998 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 1998;16(4): 517-530.
Radiation Dose of Lens and Thyroid in Linac-based Radiosurgery in Humanoid Phantom
Dae Yong Kim, Il Han Kim
1Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3Institute of Radiation Medicine, Medical Research Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
Although many studies have investigated the dosimetric aspects of stereotactic radiosurgery in terms of target volume, the absorbed doses at extracranial sites; especially the lens or thyroid - which are sensitive to radiation for deterministic or stochastic effect -have infrequently been reported. The aim of this study is to evaluate what effects the parameters of radiosurgery have on the absorbed doses of the lens and thyroid in patients treated by stereotactic radiosurgery, using a systematic plan in a humanoid phantom. MATERIAL AND
METHODS:
Six isocenters were selected and radiosurgery was planned using the stereotactic radiosurgery system which the Department of Therapeutic Radiology at Seoul National University College of Medicine developed. The experimental radiosurgery plan consisted of 6 arc planes per one isocenter, 100 degrees for each arc range and an accessory collimator diameter size of 2 cm. After 250 cGy of irradiation from each arc, the doses absorbed at the lens and thyroid were measured by thermoluminescence dosimetry.
RESULTS:
The lens dose was 0.23+/-0.08% of the maximum dose for each isocenter when the exit beam did not pass through the lens and was 0.76 +/- 0.12 % of the maximum dose for each isocenter when the exit beam passed through the lens. The thyroid dose was 0.18 +/- 0.05% of the maximum dose for each isocenter when the exit beam did not pass through the thyroid and was 0.41 +/- 0.04% of the maximum dose for each isocenter when the exit beam passed through the thyroid. The passing of the exit beam is the most significant factor of organ dose and the absorbed dose by an arc crossing organ decides 80% of the total dose. The absorbed doses of the lens and thyroid were larger as the isocenter sites and arc planes were closer to each organ. There were no differences in the doses at the surface and 5 mm depth from the surface in the eyelid and thyroid areas.
CONCLUSION:
As the isocenter and arc plane were placed closer to the lens and thyroid, the doses increased. Whether the exit beams passed through the lens or thyroid greatly influenced the lens and thyroid dose. The surface dose of the lens and thyroid consistently represent the tissue dose. Even when the exit beam passes through the lens and thyroid, the doses are less than 1% of the maximum dose and therefore, are too low to evoke late complications, but nevertheless, we should try to minimize the thyroid dose in children, whenever possible.
Key Words: Stereotactic radiosurgery, Thermoluminescence dosimetry, Lens, Thyroid
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