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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol > Volume 14(1); 1996 > Article
Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology 1996;14(1): 25-32.
Therapeutic Results of Radiotherapy in Rectal Carcinoma-Comparison of Sandwich Technique Radiotherapy withPostoperative Radiotherapy
Sung Rok Kim, Chul Soo Kim, Re Hwe Kim, Hyuk Sang Lee, Hyun Suk Suh, Hong Yong Kim, Gil Cha Hur
1Department of Radiation Oncology, Inje University Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of General Surgery, Inje University Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
4Department of Radiation Oncology, Inje University Paik Hospital, Sanggye, Korea.
5Department of General Surgery, Inje University Paik Hospital, Sanggye, Korea.
6Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University Paik Hospital, Sanggye, Korea.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
To evaluate the potential advantage for "sandwich" technique radiotherapy compared to postoperative radiotherapy in respectable rectal cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between January 1989 and May 1994, 60 patients with respectable rectal cancer were treated at Inje University Seoul and Sanggye Paik Hospital.Fifty one patients were available for analysis : 20 patients were treated with sandwich technique radiotherapy and 31 patients were treated with postoperative radiotherapy. In sandwich technique radiotherapy(RT), patients were treated with preoperative RT 1500 cGy/5fx. followed by immediate curative resection. Patients staged as Astler-Coller B2, C were considered for postoperative RT with 2500-4500 cGy. In postoperative RT, total radiation dose of 4500-6120 cGy, 180 cGy daily at 4-6weeks was delivered. Patients were followed for median period of 25 months.
RESULTS:
The overall 5-year survival rates for sandwich technique RT group and postoperative RT group were 60% and 71%, respectively(p>0.05). The 5-year disease free survival rates for each group were 63%. There was no difference in local failure rate between two groups(11% versus 7%). Incidence of distant metastasis was 11%(2/20) in the sandwich technique RT group and 20%(6/31) in the postoperative RT group(p>0.05). The frequencies of acute and chronic complications were comparable in both groups.
CONCLUSION:
The sandwich technique radiotherapy group shows local recurrence and survival similar to those of postoperative RT alone group but reduced distant metastasis compared to postoperative RT group. But long term follow-up and large number of patients is needed to make an any firm conclusion regarding the value of this sandwich technique RT.Key Words : Rectal cancer, Sandwich technique, Radiotherapy
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