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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol > Volume 13(4); 1995 > Article
Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology 1995;13(4): 391-396.
Dosimetric Characteristics on Penumbra Regions of the multileaf Collimator as Compared with the Lead Alloy Block
Sang Wook Lee, Young Tack Oh, Woo Cheol Kim, Ki Chang Keum, Seong Ick Yoon, Hyun Soo Kim, Won Park, Seong Sil Chu, Gwi Eon Kim
1Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
The Conformal Radiation Therapy has been widely used under favour of development of computer technologies. The delivery of a large number of static radiation fields are being necessary for the conformal irradiation. In this paper, we investigate dosimetric characteristics on penumbra regions of a multileaf collimator(MLC), and compare to those of lead alloy block for he optimal use of the system in 3-D conformal radiotherapy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
The measurement of penumbra by MLC or lead alloy block was performed with 6 or 10 MV X-rays. The film was positioned at a dmax depth and 10 cm depth, and its optical density was determined using a scanning videodensitometer. The effective penumbra, the distance from 80% to 20% isodose lines and 90 to 10 were analyzed as a function of the angle between the direction of leaf motion and the edge defined by leaves.
RESULTS:
Increasing MLC angle (0-75degree) was observed with increasing the penumbra widths and the scalloping effect. There was no definite differences of penumbra width from 80% to 20% isodose lines, while being the small increase of penumbra width of lead alloy block are agree reasonably with those of MLC within 4.8mm.
CONCLUSION:
The comparative qualitative study of the penumbra between MLC and lead alloy block demonstrate the clinical acceptability and suitability of the multileaf collimator for 3-D conformal radiotherapy.
Key Words: Multileaf collimator, Effective penumbra, Film dosimetry
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