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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol > Volume 7(2); 1989 > Article
Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology 1989;7(2): 269-278.
Effect of Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children
II Han Kim, Doo Ho Choi, Jong Hoon Kim, Sung Whan Ha, Charn Il Park, Hyo Seop Ahn
1Department of Therapeutic Radiology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
CNS prophylaxis with 18 or 24 Gy cranial irradiation plus intrathecal methotrexate was given to 134 childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients who had got bone marrow remission(M1) after remission induction chemotherapy from August 1979 to December 1986. The rate of initial total CNS relapse was 14.2%(19/134), the rate of isolated CNS relapse was 5.2%(7/134), and the rate of CNS relapse concomittantly combined with bone marrow relapse or testicular relapse was 9%(12/134). Male sex or older age was accociated with higher CNS relapes and the initial peripheral leukocyte count over 50,000/ul had higher relapse rate. Relapse with radiation dose of 18 Gy was somewhat lower than that with 24 Gy. Within 4 years after CNS prophylaxis occurred 89% of the total CNS relapses, 100% of the isolated CNS relapses, and 83% of the combined CNS relapses. Adjusted to exposed cases to risk of CNS relapse, the total CNS relapse rate was 11.9% during maintenance chemotherapy and 4.9% after maintenance chemotherapy.
Key Words: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, CNS prophylaxis, Cranial irradiation, CNS relapse
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