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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 27(2); 2009 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2009;27(2): 55-63. doi: https://doi.org/10.3857/jkstro.2009.27.2.55
Evaluation of the Treatment Response after Hypofractionated Radiotherapy in Patients with Advanced Head and Neck Cancers
Won Taek Kim, Yong Kan Ki, Ji Ho Nam, Dong Hyun Kim, Kyu Sup Cho, Jin Choon Lee, Byung Joo Lee, Dong Won Kim
1Department of Radiation Oncology, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea. apex7171@korea.kr
2Department of Otolaryngology, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
This study was performed to objectively evaluate the rate of tumor response to hypofractionated radiotherapy for advanced squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck.
Thirty-one patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, who were treated by hypofractionated radiotherapy with 3 Gy per fraction for palliative purpose between 1998 and 2008, were reviewed retrospectively. Every tumor-volume was measured and evaluated from CT (computed tomography) images obtained before and 2~3 months after radiotherapy. The radiation toxicity was assessed during and after radiotherapy. A statistical analysis was performed to investigate overall survival, progression-free survival, and the prognostic factors for survival and response.
The median age of the study patients was 70 years. In addition, 85% of the patients were in stage 4 cancer and 66.7% had an ECOG performance status of 1~2. The mean tumor-volume was 128.4 cc. Radiotherapy was administered with a total dose of 24~45 Gy (median: 36 Gy) over 10~25 days. Twenty-nine patients were treated with 30 Gy or more. The observed complete response rate was 12.9% and the partial response rate was 61.3%. Median survival time was 8.9 months and the 1-year progression-free survival rate was 12.9%. The treatment response rate was confirmed as a prognostic factor in the rate of survival. The primary site, stage, tumor-volume, radiotherapy field and overall radiation-dose showed a significant relationship with survival and treatment response. No grade 4 toxicity was observed during and after radiotherapy.
There was an objective tumor-regression in about 74% of patients treated by hypofractionated radiotherapy. Further evaluation is needed to select the appropriate fraction-size and patient who may require the additional radiotherapy.
Key Words: Head and neck cancer, Hypofractionation, Radiotherapy, Treatment response
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