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J Korean Soc Ther Radiol Oncol > Volume 20(3); 2002 > Article
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2002;20(3): 246-252.
The Role of Fas in Radiation Induced Apoptosis in vivo
Sung Hee Kim, Jinsil Seong, Je Kyung Seong
1Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University Medical College, Korea. jsseong@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr
2Department of Laboratory Animal Science, Yonsei Medical Research Center, Yonsei University Medical College, Seoul, Korea.
3Barin Korea 21 Project for Medical science, Korea.
It has been recognized that interaction of the Fas : Fas ligand plays an important role in radiation-induced apoptosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Fas mutation in radiation-induced apoptosis in vivo.
Mice with mutations in Fas, MRL/Mpj-Fas(lpr), and its normal control, MRL/Mpj, were used in this study. Eight-week old male mice were given whole body radiation. After irradiation, the mice were killed and their spleens were collected at different time intervals. Tissue samples were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and the numbers of apoptotic cells were scored. Regulating molecules of apoptosis including p53, Bcl-2, Bax, Bcl-XL, and Bcl-XS were also analyzed by Western blotting.
At 25 Gy irradiation, the level of apoptosis reached the peak value at 8 hr after radiation and recovered to the normal value at 24 hr after radiation in MRL/Mpj mice. In contrast, the peak apoptosis level appeared at 4 hr after radiation in MRL/Mpj-Fas(lpr) mice. At 8 hr after radiation, the levels of apoptosis in MRL/Mpj mice and MRL/Mpj-Fas(lpr) mice were 52.3+/-7.8% and 8.0+/-8.6%, respectively (p<0.05). The expression of apoptosis regulating molecules, p53, Bcl-XL and Bcl-XS, increased in MRL/Mpj mice in response to radiation; p53 with a peak level of 3-fold at 8 h, Bcl-XL with a peak level of 3.3-fold at 12 h, and Bcl-XS with a peak level of 3-fold at 12 h after 25 Gy radiation. Bcl-2 and Bax did not show significant change in MRL/Mpj mice. However in MRL/Mpj-Fas(lpr) mice, the expression levels of p53, Bcl-2, Bax, Bcl-XL and Bcl-XS showed no significant change.
The level of radiation-induced apoptosis was lower in Fas mutated mice, lpr, than in control mice. This seemed to be related to the lack of radiation-induced p53 activation in the lpr mice. This result suggests that Fas plays an important role in radiation-induced apoptosis in vivo.
Key Words: Radiation, Apoptosis, Fas, lpr
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